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Heating Systems

A variety of methods can be used to heat an energy efficient home. Effect provides recommendations depending on the home’s requirements and homeowners’ preferences.

Air-Source Heat Pump

  • Uses electricity to energize a refrigeration process, extracting heat from outside air and transferring this to the home’s interior.
  • Heat distributed via forced air or hydronic system.
  • Low-temperature models available capable of operating in Canadian winters.
  • Used in homes not connected to gas grid.

Boiler

  • Uses gas or electricity to heat fluid for fan-coil and/or in-floor radiant systems
  • Up to 97% efficient in gas-fired units

Fan-Coil

  • Air passes through radiator, heated by hot-water.
  • Used in boiler, micro combined heat power, air source heat pump, and ground source heat pump systems.

Ground-Source Heat Pump (Geothermal)

  • Collects and transfers heat from the earth through pipes buried in the ground into the building, where it is concentrated for inside use by a refrigeration process
  • Heat distributed via forced air or hydronic system
  • Used in homes not connected to gas grid

High-Efficiency Furnace

  • Gas fired appliance with efficiencies up to 98%.

Micro Combined Heat Power (Co-Generation)

  • Uses gas to generate both heat and electricity simultaneously.
  • Heat distributed via forced air or hydronic system.
  • Electricity can be used immediately in building, be exported into the electrical grid, or charge batteries.
  • Can be used in homes connected or not connected to electrical grid

Passive Solar

  • Passive solar is used to supplement the heating systems described above. It uses south facing windows to allow winter sunlight to heat a thermal mass.
Passive Solar Heating

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